Brighten Your Smile: Solutions for Tooth Discoloration

Do your teeth look discolored? Do they negatively impact your smile and facial aesthetics? Teeth discoloration is a common oral problem affecting millions irrespective of age, or gender. But the good news is that it can be treated. However, it is essential to know the root cause. 

The Whitby dentist will help us explore teeth discoloration and the various effective treatment options. So keep reading. 

What is tooth discoloration?

Tooth discoloration is defined as the darkening or staining of your teeth. Stains make your teeth look unappealing which can negatively impact your smile and overall appearance. It can result in poor confidence and low self-esteem. 

What are the types of tooth discoloration?

There are two main types of tooth discoloration:

  • Extrinsic discoloration 
    • This type affects the outer surface of your teeth enamel. 
    • These are caused by environmental factors like some foods and drinks. 
  • Intrinsic discoloration 
    • This type starts inside your tooth and affects your dentin. 
    • Causes include dental trauma and certain medications. 

What causes tooth discoloration? 

Several things can cause discolored teeth that may be avoidable, while others may be unavoidable. 

Avoidable causes include:

  • Dark-colored foods and drinks 
  • Smoking and other tobacco use
  • Poor oral hygiene 
  • Excessive fluorides

Unavoidable causes include:

  • Genetics 
  • Dental trauma 
  • Aging 
  • Dental treatments like root canal therapy 
  • Certain diseases like liver disease, or eating disorders
  • Certain medications like antihistamines, antihypertensives, or antibiotics 
  • Cancer treatments like radiotherapy or chemotherapy 

How do dentists treat discolored teeth?

Based on the underlying cause and the type of stains, treatment options include the following:

  • Teeth whitening 

These include at-home or in-office use of special whitening or bleaching agents like hydrogen or carbamide peroxide that remove stains 

  • Dental bonding 

This procedure involves the use of tooth-colored composite resin to conceal discolored teeth. 

  • Porcelain veneers 

If the staining is widespread and doesn’t improve with whitening or bonding, dentists recommend porcelain veneers. 

These are thin, tooth-colored less that cover the anterior surface of the stained teeth. 

  • Porcelain crowns

These caps are recommended to fit over the tooth and conceal stains, in addition to protecting the tooth from further damage. 

How can you prevent tooth discoloration?

  • Brush your teeth twice daily with a soft-bristled brush and low-fluoridated toothpaste
  • Floss once daily 
  • Limit foods and drinks that can stain your teeth like tea, coffee, or red wine 
  • Drink a lot of water 
  • Quit smoking 
  • Visit your dentist regularly for dental cleanings and routine exams 

Tooth discoloration can occur due to several reasons which require prompt evaluation and treatment since it can make you feel self-conscious. Consult a dentist since they can help you find ways to brighten your smile.