Almost a quarter of couples fail to have a child after one year of trying without contraception, and more than 10% still fail after two years. Largely dependent on the age of the woman and the frequency of sexual intercourse, fertility can be modified by pathological, female, male or mixed causes. Hence here are the importance of fertility assessments. You can check and find the best details about the same. Surely there are a lot of information that will help you the causes and the probable steps needed for the same. So let us take a look about the same. You need to delve deeper.
Definition: what is fertility?
Fertility is the ability to reproduce. Female fertility implies the presence of sexual organs without abnormality: a functional uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries, an absence of hormonal abnormality with apparent menstrual cycles . In humans, fertility involves the production of sperm in sufficient quantity and quality and the caacity for ejaculation. Fertility is multifactorial, and is more or less influenced by psychological state, quality of life, general good health, diet or taking medication. This is why we rarely talk about fertility for an individual, but about couple fertility.
When to test your fertility?
Generally, it is recommended to test your fertility after a year without being able to conceive a child despite regular sex and without contraception. Now click here to choose your options.
Fertility in women according to their age
Unsurprisingly, fertility in women decreases as the years go by. Fertility declines from the age of 30. Between 19 and 26 years of age, the probability of pregnancy is 50% per cycle. A figure that drops to 40% for women between 27 and 34 years old. And, between 35 and 39, it is 30%.
What are the chances of getting pregnant by age?
Fertility is maximum at 20, decreases from the age of 30 and then drops after 40. The risk of miscarriage also increases with age. Chances of getting pregnant at the age of 30, 40 or after 45, probability of having a miscarriageupdates the Head of Maternity Service.
This assessment includes in women generally and successively: a gynecological examination to detect possible anatomical anomalies or an infection, temperature curves to determine whether there is ovulation and the period in which it occurs, as well as taking blood comprising the blood dosage of the hormones involved in the various stages of reproduction.
“A pelvic ultrasound and hysterosalpingography are often prescribed in order to look for possible abnormalities of the ovaries, the fallopian tubes, or the uterus, ” added the gynecologist. In men, the fertility test includes at least, and simultaneously to the examinations carried out by the woman, a spermogram which makes it possible to study the quality of the sperm and in particular, their number, their shape and their mobility.
Bicornuate uterus: an abnormality that can complicate pregnancy
The bicornuate uterus is a common birth defect. Definition, symptoms, consequences on pregnancy and childbirth zoom on this genetic anomaly.